Though, research findings continuously show that beginner advantage from using their language in learning in previous grade years (ahead of a late prime transition stage). Numerous developing countries continue to use additional languages for education in their schools.
Various styles of teaching
In Kenya, the language of education is English, and several learners in urban and several cosmopolitan settings speak and recognize several English by the time they join a school. But beginner in the rural areas enters school with only their native language. For these beginners, using the mother tongue in early education leads to a better understanding of the curriculum content and a new positive attitude towards school. There are some motives for this.
How learning starts
First, education does not start in school. Learning begins at a house in the learners’ home language. Though the onset of school is a continuance of this learning, it also presents important changes in the mode of learning. The education system structures and manages the content and delivery of a pre-determined prospectus where previously the youngster was learning from knowledge.
On starting school, children find themselves in a novel physical environment. The classroom is innovative, most of the classmates are strangers, and the center of authority (the teacher) is a stranger too. The prearranged method of learning is also novel. If these things, there is a sudden change in the words of communication, then the circumstances can get quite complicated. Indeed, it can depressingly affect a child’s progress. Though, by using the learners’ home language, schools can assist children navigate the new setting and bridge their learning at school with the knowledge they bring from the house.
Second, with using the learners’ home language, the student is more likely to connect in the learning process. The interactive learner-centered approach – suggested by all educationalists – thrives in surroundings where learners are suitably proficient in the language of instruction. It let students make suggestions, ask the query, answer questions and make and communicate new awareness with keenness.