Historically black colleges and universities

Established before 1964, historically black colleges and universities HBCUs are institutions of higher education in the United States with a focus to give educational services for the black community. The history behind the establishment is they accepted enrolled students of all races and but in the past years, the black majorities of the students are decreasing.

HBCUs are an origin of achievement and not only a great pride for the African American community but also the entire nation. The Higher Education Act of 1965, defined an HBCU schools as a reliable place to make an association to give trainings and educations of black Americans, and that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association determined by the Secretary [of Education] to be a reliable authority as to the quality of training offered or is, according to such an agency or association, making reasonable progress toward accreditation.” HBCUs achievement provides opportunities to all students, regardless of race, a chance to develop their skills and talents. These teaching organizations educate young people who are determined to represent both domestically and internationally along with professions as entrepreneurs and in the public also private sectors.

All HBCU ascend from a historic environment of legal segregations, and they were established before 1964 with the intention of providing accredited, high-quality education to African American students across the United States. Not only admit African American students but also of all races. As of January 2016, students can choose from 99 HBCU across America. Among them are public and private schools, 2-year and 4-year schools, and schools for professionals.

The list of historically black colleges and universities for 2016 were determined by considering each school’s academic standards, affordable cost of tuition, graduate’s quality, and student support. The school’s profiles had gone through the legacies, present successes and ongoing initiatives of each institution.

  1. Howard University

Howard University

Howard University were originally an all black university located in Washington, DC with an annual tuition of $22,683.

Howard University counts every single of its distinguished faculty among its on-campus population of the largest gathering of African American scholars anywhere around the globe. In Howard University, 93% of students are black. Introductory Afro-American studies courses are mandatory in all undergraduate curriculum, either they are pursuing a traditional major or as part of the school’s renowned Afro-American and African studies program. The university established two of the nation’s leading black fraternities the Omega Psi Phi and the Phi Beta Sigma. Howard University campus is also home to Howard University TV, the first African-American-owned public television station in the U.S. Howard’s MBA program was recently named the “greatest opportunity for minority students” by the Princeton Review. The school has more than 100,000 graduates since 1867.

  1. Spelman College

    Spelman College

Spellman College was initially all black college located in Atlanta, GA with an annual tuition of $24,634.

Spelman is the America’s oldest HBCU for women, ascending into a pioneer among higher educational institutions for women since starting out as a Baptist female seminary in 1881. Today, Spelman provides broad selections of majors of more than 2,100 students; it includes popular topics include biological and biomedical sciences, English, physical science, psychology and social sciences. The college is home to more than 70 student organizations focused on achievement in academic, opportunities in personal enrichment and Greek sorority life, including historically black sororities Alpha Kappa Alpha and Delta Sigma Theta. The college reports a 76% graduation rate average over the past six years.

  1. Hampton University


Hampton University campus located in Hampton, VA, with an annual tuition of $20,724.

Hampton has earned an exclusively high reputation among top HBCU for its firm commitment to both African-American education and the diverse multicultural community. The Hampton campus is the historical site of the majestic Emancipation Oak; the tree was the setting for the first Southern reading of Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. In the Hampton’s classes for liberated men and women were held between 1861 and 1863. African American students are the majority of 90% of current enrollment. Among Hampton’s many unique concepts is the establishment of the Skin of Color Research Institute for research and treatment of skin diseases discompose colored people. Programs at Hampton are designed to advance the education and training for all races.

The School of Business was awarded to the best department in the nation in 2005 by the National Urban Leagues’ Black Executive Exchange Program.

  1. Tuskegee University

    Tuskegee University

Tuskegee University is located in Tuskegee, AL with $18,900 annual tuition.

It is a university known for its pioneering in science and engineering. Known for facilitating groundbreaking research, Tuskegee University has built a name as one of the top producers of African-American aerospace science engineers in the U.S. Tuskegee’s declared to be the only campus a National Historic Site by the U.S. Congress since it was established by Booker T. Washington in 1881. The university’s roughly 3,000 students are active in several of student organizations on campus, including the Marching Crimson Piper Band, the National Society of Black Engineers and college chapter of the NAACP. Tuskegee University is the only historically black colleges and universities with a fully licensed College of Veterinary Medicine and doctorate offered. More than 75% of worldwide African-American veterinarians are produced by Tuskegee University. The nursing baccalaureate program was first in Alabama and one of the oldest in the U.S.

  1. Xavier University of Louisiana

Xavier University of Louisiana

It is located in New Orleans, LA with $20,560 annual tuition.


Xavier was originally established in 1915 as a high school for African Americans and Native Americans. The graduate’s four-year program was added in 1925. Today, Xavier continues its universal mission of promoting leadership- and initiated service-based education. Current enrollment totals roughly 3,100 students, 73% of which are black and 27% are Catholic. All undergraduates study core topics that include 66 combined credits in studies of African-American, natural sciences, and theology. The U.S. Department of Education stated that Xavier is first in the nation regarding producing African-American graduates with double undergraduate degrees in biological/life sciences and the physical science. Xavier is one of the only two school of pharmacy in Louisiana. It is among the top three producers of Doctor of Pharmacy degrees to African-Americans in America. Xavier was awarded 522 degrees in 2013.

  1. Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University

Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University

Located in Tallahassee, FL, Florida A&M was previously addressed as the State Normal College for Colored Students when it was founded in 1887.


Its commitment to African-American education has remained despite the name of this land-grant university and research institution has changed. FAMU’s student population of more than 11,000 is 90% Afro-American, consisting of students originated from over 70 countries including Egypt, Trinidad, the Bahamas, Jamaica, and Brazil. One of the efforts to preserve and toughen the local economy in Florida through the school’s Center for Plasma Science and Technology (CePaST) and Sustainability Institute, part of FAMU’s strategic plan includes ideas to increase African-American student participation in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) programs. FAMU offers 54 bachelor’s degrees, 29 master’s degrees, three professional degrees, and 12 doctoral programs. The most popular undergraduate programs at FAMU are business administration, biology, criminal justice and allied health.

  1. North Carolina A&T State University

    North Carolina A&T State University

Located in Greensboro, NC as the nation’s leader in engineering and agriculture degree-granting teaching institute for African Americans.


North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University was established in 1891 as a land-grant institute; NC A&T was at the central of the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s. High acclaimed alumni include The Greensboro Four, who pioneered the nation’s first sit-in, and activist Rev. Jesse Jackson Sr. Historically black fraternities and sororities, including Alpha Phi Alpha and Alpha Kappa Alpha, are among the popular Greek life options on campus. NC A&T students also included in great numbers in the NCAA Division I Aggies team and the Blue and Gold Marching Machine. Home to more than 10,000 students and more than 2,000 faculty staff

NC A&T is categorized by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching as a doctoral/research university.

  1. Bowie State University

Bowie State University

Located in Bowie, MD it is originally an African Baptist church in Maryland providing teachers training and general education to African American citizens.


It is eventually developed by Bowie State to provide higher education for teachers and other scholars interested in the liberal arts. Today, the home of the Bulldogs provides 23 bachelor’s degree programs and 35 graduate and certification programs. Staying true to its origin roots, Bowie is now credited as an inspirer among education-degree-granting institutions for African-American students. Recent enrollment comprises of 4,456 undergrads and 1,239 graduate/professional students. Bowie State provides 22 undergraduate majors and 21 graduate programs. Bowie is among the top 20 historically black colleges and universities for volunteers for Peace Corps.

Tougaloo Colleg

  1. Tougaloo College

It is located in Tougaloo, MS with $10,227 annual tuition.


Tougaloo College exists today as a symbol of independence, liberty and freedom for African-American students and citizens. It is built on the site of the former John Boddie Plantation, a symbol of slavery and black subjugation. Tougaloo converges education with a broad perspective in mind, obliging students to complete a common class education as well as specify training in their specialized area of focus. Many prominent professionals in Mississippi are proud alums of Tougaloo. In fact, 40% of the African-American doctors and dentists in Mississippi are alumni from Tougaloo College, also 35% of the state’s African-American teachers, education practitioners, and school administrators. Over 60% of graduates take master’s program immediately after graduation. 70% of faculty hold terminal degrees in their respective fields.  Tougaloo College always made it in any prestigious list of all HBCUs college due to its achievements in academic.

  1. Winston-Salem State University

    Winston-Salem State University

It is located in Winston-Salem, NC. The focus at WSSU has changed drastically alongside the economic demands of Winston-Salem, switching from tobacco and textiles in early years to healthcare and finance today.

Although industry needs may have changed since the establishment of this public institution in 1892, WSSU now represents four main areas of education: health and services subjects, science and technology teachings, teaching and learning programs and financial services. 72% of enrolling students are African-American, and 70% are female with the total of more than 600 students. WSSU’s “enter to learn, departs to serve” motto points the global service-based mission of its education initiatives. Among many particular traits, WSSU graduates the third-largest graduates of nurses in North Carolina and houses Diggs Gallery, one of the nation’s best collections of contemporary African-American art. WSSU ranks highest in UNC college system for job placement for graduates. WSSU offers more than 100 student organizations on campus

  1. Morehouse College

    Morehouse College

Originally established as a only black college, Morehouse settled in Atlanta, GA. Founded in 1867, Morehouse College, a private liberal arts institution for men, has successfully graduated black men than any other school. Morehouse emphasizes leadership and service through three primary program areas: business administration and economics; humanities and social sciences; and science and mathematics.


Notable alumni such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Spike Lee are among the many from Morehouse. The target of Morehouse includes embracing the unique responsibility of teaching students about African American history and culture through particular programs and scholarship opportunities with financial aids, including the Rugari Scholarship Program, which consisting of full tuition to five students from the African Great Lakes Region.

  1. Oakwood University

Oakwood University

It is Located in Huntsville, AL. The Seventh-day Adventist Church founded Oakwood in 1896 on a former slave plantation site. However, its faith in the power of equality was active.


Today, the school’s targets continue to promote faith-based education organizing students for a daily live that is service-based to each other and God. Oakwood’s students of nearly 2,000 may select from undergraduate degrees in one of five schools and join in extracurricular in almost 30 clubs hosted on campus. Through it has nationally recognized science program, Oakwood is fifth in the nation for graduating black bachelor students into applying to medical school. Oakwood is a host of the annual Camp Meeting for the South Central Conference of Seventh-day Adventists since 1946. Oakwood campus is considered a historical landmark in Huntsville.

  1. Albany State University

Albany State University

It is located in Albany, GA. As one of historically black colleges and universities in Southwest Georgia, Albany was founded in 1903 as the Albany Bible and Manual Training Institute to educate young African-Americans. Today, the school mission is to meet the needs of its diverse student body through progressive programs in teaching, creativity, research, and service.

Among its basic institutional values is a “students first” concept, helping to promote a holistic approach to education and development of students. The University is a national leader in programs including teacher training, business, and the sciences, among others, all with a strong foundation in the liberal arts. Albany State offers 34 undergraduate and 17 graduate degree programs. The school has graduated more than 14,000 students since 1903.

  1. Bethune-Cookman University


            The University is the last HBCU founded with a focus on growing economic ecosystem. The school has a long history until it was established in 2007. Bethune-Cookman University is a private institution with an enrollment of 3,900 with a gender distribution of 41.1 percent male students and 58.9 percent female students. Bethune’s setting is urban, with 82 acres size campus. Its programs are a semester-based academic calendar. Bethune-Cookman universities have 39 ranking in the 2016 edition of Best Colleges is Regional Colleges.  At this school, 51 percent of the students live in college-owned, -operated, or -affiliated housing and 53 percent of students live off campus. Bethune-Cookman University is a member who takes part of the NCAA I athletic conference.


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